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MARPOL 73/78 is an international convention for the prevention of pollution from the ships at sea. This international treaty was adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in 1973, and later updated in 1978 after several severe tanker accidents.

The convention includes regulations aimed at preventing and minimizing pollution at sea from ships, and this includes both accidental pollution and pollution from routine operations. At current date MARPOL 73/78 consist of 6 technical annexes:

Annex
01. Regulations for the prevention of pollution by oil
02. Regulations for the control of pollution by noxious liquid substances in bulk
03. Prevention of pollution by harmful substances carried by sea in packaged form
04. Prevention of pollution by sewage from ships
05. Prevention of pollution by garbage from ships
06. Prevention of air pollution from ships

Each participating country adopts the MARPOL Regulations as part of their national laws. Each country has a law enforcement agency that can arrest and detain MARPOL Regulation violators, if appropriate.

MARPOL regulations are enforced in all maritime nations signatory to the MARPOL conventions.

Waste reception Services is provide the adequate reception facility for ships generated waste in all loading, unloading and ship repair yards as a part of the implementation of the international convention for the prevention of pollution from ships 73/ 78 (MARPOL 73/78).

Captains of ships (other than fishing boats and recreational craft authorized to carry no more than 12 passengers) bound for a Community port are required to notify certain information, in particular the date and the last port in which ship-generated waste was delivered and the quantity of waste remaining on board.

Member States must ensure that port reception facilities are provided which meet the needs of the ships using them without causing abnormal delays. These facilities must be tailored to the size of the port and to the categories of ship calling there.

Unless exempted, all ships are required to deliver their ship-generated waste before leaving a Community port, unless the captain can prove that his vessel has adequate storage capacity. Ships which do not deliver their waste without providing valid reasons for exemption are not allowed to leave the port until such delivery has taken place.

Last Updated ( Monday, 07 March 2011 05:34 )  

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